Alexander Archipenko

1887

May 30, Alexander Archipenko is born in Kiev, Ukraine, son of Porfiry Antonowitsch and Poroskowia Wassiliewna Machowa.

1902—05

Studies painting and sculpture at the Kiev art school.

1906

Moves to Moscow where he exhibits in group shows.

1909

Arrives in Paris. Finds the Ecole des Beaux-Arts too academic and leaves after approximately two weeks for independent study at the Louvre and other Parisian museums.

Establishes an independent studio at Montparnasse.

1910

First public exhibition in Paris at the Salon des Indépendants with Cubists.

1912

Opens art school in Paris. Solo show at Museum Folkwang, Hagen, Germany. Apollinaire writes an introduction for the exhibition catalog.

1914

Creates first sculpto-paintings. Develops sculptural elements of color, the void, concave and convex, and geometric forms further.

August 1: Germany declares war against France and Russia. Many artists leave Paris and move to the South of France. Archipenko spends the war years (1914 - 1918) in Cimiez, near Nice, at Château Valrose. The group of artists living in Nice includes Ferat, Tsuguharu Foujita, Henri Matisse, Amedeo Modigliani, Morgan Russel, Chaim Soutine and Leopold Survage.

1918

Correspondence with Theo van Doesburg, De Stijl Group.

1919

Spends time in Nice working on sculpto-paintings, which he presents the following year at the Salon des Indépendants.

1920

Shows in the last Cubist group exhibition at Salon des Indépendants.

Solo show at Venice Biennale, Russian Pavillion, “Mostra Individuale di Alexandre Archipenko.”

1921

Opens art school in Berlin, also keeps his studio in Paris.

Marries Angelica Forster (1893 - 1957), a German sculptor who exhibits under the name Gela Forster. She is a founding member of “Group 1919” of the Dresdner Sezession.

1923

Angelica and Alexander Archipenko emigrate to the USA. They arrive in New York on board the S.S. Mongolia on October 16.

Opens art school in New York.

1929

Becomes American citizen.

Establishes “Arko,” a school of ceramics in New York City.

1932

Lectures on creativity at universities and colleges on Pacific Coast, Midwest and the East Coast.

1933

Teaches at Mills College, Oakland, California and at the Chouinard School, Los Angeles.

1935

Moves to Los Angeles.

Teaches summer sessions at University of Washington, Seattle.

1937

Lives in Chicago. Invited by László Moholy-Nagy to teach at the New Bauhaus Chicago as head of Modelling Workshop. Solo show at Katherine Kuh Gallery, Chicago.

Germany, Nazis confiscate works by Archipenko as “Degenerate Art.”

1938

Opens “Modern School of Fine Arts and Practical Design” in Chicago.

Opens art school in Bearsville.

1946

Returns to Chicago, teaches at the Institute of Design (formerly Bauhaus).

1949

First exhibition after the war in Europe at Amt fĂĽr Kunst, Berlin, Germany.

1950-1953

Various teaching activities.

1954

Retrospective “Archipenko 110th Exhibition, Fifty Years Production,” Associated American Artists Galleries, New York.

1957

On December 5 his wife Angelica dies at the age of 65, after a long illness.

1960

Marries Frances Gray, an artist and former student.

1964

Alexander Archipenko dies on February 25 in New York, shortly after casting his last bronze King Solomon.

2000

Frances Archipenko Gray establishes The Archipenko Foundation, a non-profit organization.

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